Italian Cream Cake
As you may have seen in my post a couple days ago, I celebrated my 30th birthday and made this delightful cake! Italian cream cake is perhaps my favorite cake because it is filled with pecans and coconut but remains light and airy. The cream cheese frosting further elevates the cake. In addition to being a perfect birthday cake, this would be a marvelous centerpiece for Easter tomorrow. I know Easter celebrating will be limited to immediate family this year due to COVID-19, but the leftover cake freezes nicely to be enjoyed at a later date.
This cake does require a few special preparation steps that is not typical for most cakes. This recipe contains 5 eggs, but the egg yolks and whites are incorporated separately. The whites are beaten to the stiff peak stage, which helps add air to the cake so it has better volume and a lighter texture. Just so you understand why it is so important, I have explained what is really happening with the egg whites.
From a scientific standpoint, egg whites beaten to the stiff peak stage undergo significant structural changes. As they are beaten with a mixer, the egg whites form what is called a colloidal dispersion of proteins in water. The proteins in the egg white denature and form stable protein-protein interactions around air bubbles, thus creating a foamed appearance. As beating continues, the air cells decrease in size but increase in number. The egg whites thicken and increase in volume up to 6-8 times the original volume, which is often referred to as the stiff peak stage. Pretty cool, right! At this stage, the egg white foam will form a somewhat pointed tip as the beaters are removed. This is what you want to achieve for this cake. Once the egg whites are at the stiff peak stage, they should be added to the cake batter immediately. Egg white foams are relatively unstable and will naturally lose some liquid due to gravity. Also, if egg whites are overbeaten, the air cells break and the foam will appear dry. I love science, which is a big part of why I love baking!
In order to achieve optimal beaten egg whites, there are several techniques to improve the overall quality. First, it is best to use clean, large mixing bowls that are metal or glass. Never use plastic bowls because they may have traces of absorbed fat on the surface which will inhibit foaming. Secondly, crack and separate eggs carefully so that there is not a trace of egg yolk in with the egg whites. It is best to separate eggs in smaller, separate bowls so if a yolk does break, it will not contaminate all of the egg whites. Do not use the egg whites if there is any yolk present, even if it is just a small amount. Temperature also has an impact on foaming. Eggs whites at room temperature will actually whip more readily and achieve greater volume than cold egg whites. If you need to get eggs to room temperature quickly, place them in a bowl of warm water for about 5 minutes before cracking. Lastly, fresh eggs are best!
I can assure you that the extra work is worth it in the end. This cake is light and moist, but still full of decadence. The pecans and coconut take this already extraordinary cake over the top! The frosting is a classic cream cheese frosting that perfectly covers the cake. This cake has been a crowd favorite for many years, and I am truly excited to be sharing it! I have included additional photos below.
Italian Cream Cake
Recipe from my mom, Sharon Mitchell
½ cup (1 stick) butter, softened
½ cup vegetable shortening, at room temperature
2 cups sugar
5 eggs, separated
2 cups all-purpose flour
1 tsp baking soda
¼ tsp salt
1 cup buttermilk
1 tsp vanilla
1 cup chopped pecans
1 cup shredded coconut
Preheat oven to 350° and prepare pans. You make bake the cake layers in either two 9-inch cake pans or three 8-inch cake pans. Line the bottoms with a circle of parchment paper for easy removal once baked. Secure in place by greasing the outer edges with some shortening. Also grease the sides of the pans generously.
With an electric mixer, cream butter and shortening with a mixer until creamy. Add sugar and beat until mixture is light and fluffy, about 3 minutes. Add the vanilla and egg yolks, one at a time, and mix after each addition. Sift flour with baking soda and salt; then add flour mixture alternately with buttermilk to the creamed mixture, beginning and ending with the dry ingredients. Gently stir in the coconut and pecans.
In a separate bowl, beat the egg whites with clean beaters until stiff peaks form. Gently fold in the beaten egg whites into batter. Do not overmix, as you do not want to deflate the whipped egg whites.
Pour batter into the prepared pans. For three 8-inch pans, bake for approximately 25 minutes or until golden brown. For two 9-inch pans, bake for approximately 30-35 minutes or until golden brown.
Allow the cakes to cool in the pans for about 10 minutes before turning them out onto a wire rack to finish cooling. Peel off the parchment paper. Let cakes cool completely before frosting. You may speed up this process by placing the cakes in the freezer. This makes them easier to frost.
Cream Cheese Frosting
1 8-oz package cream cheese, softened
½ cup (1 stick) butter, softened
1 tsp vanilla
Pinch of salt
3 ½ cups powdered sugar (~1 pound), sifted
Extra pecans, for garnish
In a large bowl, combine the cream cheese and butter. Using a mixer, beat for about 3 minutes until smooth, light, and fluffy. Add the vanilla and gradually beat in the powdered sugar. Mix on medium speed until thoroughly combined for at least a minute. Frosting should be smooth but thick.
To assemble the cakes, the cakes must be completely cooled and preferably chilled. Level the tops of the cakes if necessary so they are completely flat and even. Add cream cheese frosting between layers and apply a thin crumb coat to the top and sides of the cake. Once set, apply the remainder of the frosting and use an offset spatula to swirl the frosting. Garnish cake with additional whole or chopped pecans for garnish.
Store leftovers in the refrigerator, tightly wrapped.
Here is the finished cake
Save time by cutting parchment paper circles out of folded parchment paper!
Creamed butter, shortening, & sugar
Sift flour, baking soda, & salt
Egg whites before
Egg whites after beating
This is what you want to see
Cake batter on the left and egg whites on the right
The cake batter after folding in the egg whites
Here is the cream cheese frosting - YUM
Look at those swirls
Whole pecans on top make a lovely and simple garnish
Tall birthday candles would also do the trick!